To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. The closest relative of the Compacta is the Dracaena janet craig, but the Compacta is quite different in appearance. The addition of perlite helps to aerate the soil and improve drainage. Indoor, potted dracaenas will grow nicely in a potting mix made for houseplants, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension. Dracaenas are tropical plants and are not frost tolerant, so for that reason, they are usually grown indoors. Wait until spring to repot your dracaena. Dracaena marginata soil and planting Soil. Whether you go the indoor or outdoor route, providing the right soil conditions is one of the few critical requirements needed by this hardy, low-maintenance plant. Cornell University Extension: Using Organic Matter in the Garden 8. Dracaena marginata plants like loose, well-draining potting soil with a pH of 6-7, which is on the acidic side. As for soil, buy or make a loamy, well-draining mix with a pH of 6-7. Light:It prefers full sun but needs some shade in very hot afternoon sun. It helps block out weed growth while also adding nutrients to the underlying soil. The Clemson Cooperative Extension reports that they’re prized as houseplants because they require little care and have few, if any, problems with plant diseases or insects. Add more soil if necessary. Overall, mold in potting soil is very easy to treat. Soil and Transplanting. If you don’t have houseplant potting mix on hand, the Purdue Department of Horticulture suggests that you combine one part peat moss with one part garden soil and one part coarse sand. General potting mixes tend to work fine when potting Dracaena plants, although they do prefer a more acidic mixture. Too much direct sunlight may burn the foliage. Next, fill in around the root ball until completely covered with soil. There are about 40 species of dracaenas and many more cultivars, which range widely in size and shape. When potting or transplanting use a well-drained soil to avoid soil becoming heavily soaked when watering. Dracaena fragrans is the most commonly grown species. Example mulch material includes shredded leaves, shredded bark and wood chips. This will help ensure roots won’t wallow in water, which could be fatal to it. The potting mixture should be allowed to reach dryness in between watering. Cinnamon is a much safer and effective option. The "worms" under the Dracaena marginata pot may have been millipedes. Indoor Dracaena marginata plants thrive at a temperature of 60 to 70 degrees. Once you’ve set up the best soil for your dracaenas, regular maintenance is necessary. If you wish to raise them outdoors, the most commonly used varieties of dracaenas thrive throughout U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11, including Dracaena fragrans, Dracaena marginata, Dracaena deremensis and Dracaena reflexa. When I transplant it next spring, I’ll use a locally formulated potting soil which is nice & chunky, some of the lava rock & … Fill a container with well-draining potting soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.5. Peat moss can help lower soil pH, although its sustainability as a natural resource is hotly debated. Standard houseplant potting mix works just fine for this. For the best results, spread 2 to 3 inches of mulch onto the soil surface of both your indoor and outdoor dracaenas. Press the soil against the plant and tamp it down. If you’re buying commercially prepared compost in bulk from a garden store or nursery, this amounts to approximately 16 cubic feet of compost for every 100 square feet of garden space. In containers, however, the plant only reaches maximum heights of between 4 and 6 feet. While some homemade potting mix recipes may call for perlite instead of sand, avoid such recipes and any commercially prepared mix that contains perlite. When roots form in the water, plant the cane in a container of potting soil. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena fragrans, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena marginata. In other words, your soil should neither be totally dry nor soaking wet. Pot dracaena plants in a well-draining potting mix. Purdue Department of Horticulture: Indoor Plant Care 9. Use a potting soil with a loamy soil (a mixture of silt, sand, and clay), along with some peat. Else overwatering can kill your plant. Team Deserves Support when Playing on Home Soil, « Things People Use for Fertilizing Plants. Caring for Your Plants Water the plant roughly once a week. This ingredient may leach fluoride into the soil, and dracaenas are sensitive to fluoride, which can kill the plant. Apply the liquid fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s product-specific guidelines, as nutrient potency varies widely by product. Sometimes you’ll have a Dragon Tree shipped directly to you planted 100% in lava rock as well – but it’s not a bad idea to mix in some potting soil and a little bit of fertilizer just to really fuel that plant as it balances itself out in relation to its new home. Dracaena marginata is a slow-growing plant, so you’ll only need to repot every few years to keep this plant happy. 10. Water when the top inch of soil is dry, avoiding city water if possible. One of the best things about dracaenas is that they are easy to grow, but don't let your little ones be too eager to water the plant. These plants are perfect for a beginner gardener because they're very easy to grow indoors. Soil If you opt to grow your houseplant in aerated potting soil rather than in water and rocks in a container, it is imperative that you keep it moderately moist all the time. In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom. Dracaena tolerates a range of soil types, but drainage is important. Soil / Transplanting My Dracaena Lisa is planted in a combo of lava rock & potting soil. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Deremensis 5. Potting and Soil Choose a pot with drainage that’s just a few inches larger than the root ball so the root system has room to grow. And although the plants are known for their ability to thrive in low light, they grow best in bright but indirect light. Like all Dracaenas, the marginata flourishes in a humid atmosphere. Prune when the … … For the best results, the Cornell University Extension recommends that you spread a couple inches of compost over the planting site and mix it into the top 6 to 8 inches of soil. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Dracaena massangeana in a pot The Dracaena massangeana plant requires good soil mix that can be amended with ⅓ compost, if you’ve got some. When watering, apply enough irrigation to moisten the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches — if you’re growing your dracaenas outdoors — or until moisture appears out of the planting pot’s bottom drainage holes. To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. Of course, you can also pot it into soil for more robust growth. If so, they are largely harmless to the plant itself, but can indicate … Dracaena reflexa is a popular houseplant that’s known for its beautiful leaves. Create your own, ideal dracaena planting mix by combining equal parts of potting soil and vermiculite. Another option is planting in lava rock. Although the plant does best in humid conditions and likes moist soil, its soil must drain well. Direct afternoon sun may burn the leaves even indoors. Mulch serves several purposes in terms of creating the best soil conditions for your dracaenas. Adjust the position of the plant if need be, to keep it centered. Corn plants grow fairly slowly from one or more thick canes (stems) that produce long, narrow leaves (like those of corn) toward the top. Do not use a soil mixture that contains perlite since this contains fluoride. When it’s time to plant or repot your Dracaena, mix a loamy soil and peat moss together before adding it to the pot. are an excellent choice for home gardeners with children. University of Connecticut College of Agriculture and Natural Resources: Mulch Basics, Check Your Soil: a Sermon Based on Mark 4:1-25, How to Build Effective, Productive and Profitable Relationships in 21st Century Soil, In U.S.-Mexico Sports Battles, U.S. In addition, the plants are sensitive to fluoride, so if your tap water has added fluoride, don't use it to water your dracaena. Dracaenas (Dracaena spp.) In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom. You will probably only need to re-pot your dracaena … Dracaena marginata is a striking plant that grows on a slender, twisting trunk topped with a mass of long, slender leaves. Use a well-aerated potting mixture made up of at least 50% or more organic matter. The Ideal Soil Dracaena marginata prefers a soil that has a high nutrient content and is slightly acidic. Containers should have drainage holes in the base to allow water to drain quickly from the soil. Select a container that is the appropriate size for your dracaena plant with good drain holes. In fact, in the test published in the Junior Master Gardener curriculum by the Texas Cooperative Extension, mulch added to Dracaena marginata plants reduced the dracaenas’ watering needs by 25 percent. Humidity:Mist the plant with non-fluoridated water regularly if it is in a very dry environment. My one word of advice is to avoid the use of vinegar. Use fresh potting soil rather than re-using the old soil, to help prevent diseases and boost nutrition. Outdoors, choose a location that does not collect standing water and has rich, loamy soil. A good mix would include 1/3 pine bark, 1/… Children are fascinated by the plant's common name -- the Madagascar dragon tree -- and by its sword-like leaves. Lucky Bamboo care is extremely easy! Avoid using straight garden loam in your dracaena’s pot, as such soil is often too heavy and dense for a container garden and can lead to root rot. Your Dracaena may not be growing in a mix with rock so I’ll leave alternative mixes (with 2 ingredients) down below. Lift the plant from its current container and gently remove any soil clinging to the plant’s roots. Outdoors, choose a location that does not collect standing water and has rich, loamy soil. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Reflexa 6. You’ll need to check it daily to strike a balance. All, however, have the same basic soil and cultural requirements. Dracaenas are tropical plants and are not frost tolerant, so for that reason, they are usually grown indoors. It can be grown in decorative planters or bowls filled with just rocks and water, making it one of the most tolerant houseplants you can grow. Use a potting soil that is peat-based & formulated for indoor plants. Mold can survive the acidity, but your plant's roots may not! Give your cuttings the best possible start to ensure you get big, healthy plants. Don't forget to wear gloves when working in soil to protect yourself from soil-borne pathogens. The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is an oldie but goodie in the houseplant industry.Europeans have been using these tropical African evergreens as indoor plants since the mid-1800s, and they’ve been popular in the United States since the early 20th century. Always use room temperature or warm water; cold water may shock this heat-loving plant. If you don’t have a green thumb, try your hand at growing dracaenas. A month after planting, start feeding with plant food. Here’s a fun fact: lucky bamboo isn’t actually bamboo! The plants are the complete package: interesting to look at, easy to care for, and generally hardy. Indoor, potted dracaenas will grow nicely in a potting mix made for houseplants, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension. Dracaena marginata is an attractive, stiff-leaved plant with colorful foliage that sometimes goes by the name \"dragon tree.\" Most of the time its sold simply as Dracaena marginata or just Dracaena. Replenish the mulch layer as needed to maintain its thickness. are an excellent choice for home gardeners with children. Popular Dracaenas to Grow Dracaena fragrans, or corn plant. It actually belongs to the plant family of Dracaenas, just like Dracaena marginata, or the Madagascar Dragon Plant. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Fragrans 3. All Rights Reserved. Compost improves soil moisture levels, which this plant enjoys. This dracaena grows best in USDA zones 10 through 12 and reaches maximum heights of 20 feet outdoors but only 6 feet when grown in a container. Indoor Soil Requirements Most dracaenas are grown as houseplants. Pruning Both in water and in soil, Dracaena Sanderiana does not stop growing. Use a houseplant potting mix, but add vermiculite or peat moss to improve drainage, and be sure the pot has holes at the bottom. You can create the perfect potting medium by mixing potting soil, peat moss, and perlite. About 1 to 2 inches should remain between the top of the soil and the container’s rim. The appropriate potting soil should allow water to drain freely. The top of the plant’s roots should be about three inches below the container’s rim. If you choose to grow your dracaenas outdoors, add compost to the planting site, suggests the National Gardening Association. You can add perlite to increase the soil drainage. The Dracaena compacta plant, a compact, slow growing member of the Dracaena family, is native to South East Africa. Temperature:Does best at 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit but for short periods will tolerate slightly colder temperatures. While peat moss is a popular choice, the sustainability of this resource is debatable. We cannot see them clearly in the photo, but they are more common in potting soil than earthworms would be. Tips for Growing Dracaena Trifasciata. Containers should have drainage holes in the base to allow water to drain quickly from the soil. Soil. Most dracaenas are grown as houseplants. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Marginata 4. Growing Dracaena marginata in a pot requires good soil mix that can be amended with ⅓ compost, if you’ve got some at hand. Water your draceanas whenever the top couple inches of soil has dried out. Use a spray bottle to saturate the soil … Instead, use any commercially prepared potting mix labeled for use with houseplants, warns the Clemson Cooperative Extension. Your dracaena prefers to be a little root-bound and is slow growing, so the pot you grow your dracaena in needs to be only slightly larger than the root ball. Fertilizing Your Dracaena Marginata To make sure the soil drains properly, grow the indoor tree in a container with drainage holes. Soil:Loam based potting soil. Pot your dracaena plant using a well draining, all-purpose potting soil. Too much water is a common problem in dracaenas. Start a new dracaena plant by inserting the cut cane into a pot of moist sand or a glass of water placed in a brightly lit window. Add a layer of potting soil and place the dracaena on top. Meanwhile, bolster the soil’s fertility levels by using any liquid plant fertilizer — labeled for use on foliage houseplants — once a month during the spring and summer. Texas A&M University Extension: How Much Water Does Mulch Save? The soil mix should have good drainage. Growing Dracaena from Cuttings. To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. In poorly drained soil, the tree is at risk of root rot and other fungal diseases. Pour enough potting mix soil into the container to hold the dracaena plant in place and moisten the soil. Even though all species in the genus Dracaena are easy houseplants to care for, they can’t stand in soggy soil. Comments, questions, and suggestions are always appreciated! National Gardening Association: Dracaena 7. The perfect potting medium for the dragon plant should be a mixture of loamy soil and peat moss. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. And while dracaenas can tolerate all types of soil, most of the commonly used varieties thrive best when given soil that’s rich in organic matter. You will need to refresh your potting soil every spring, but you can do this by taking out ⅓ of it and replacing it with a new layer of topsoil. Mix the two together well, fill the pot halfway with it and water it well. The Hawaii growers use lava rock to increase drainage & aeration. For dracaena growing in the potting mix, it is also better to use special fertilizer mixtures. Clemson Cooperative Extension: Dracaena 2. Root rot may occur if the soil becomes waterlogged. Mist the leaves occasionally, and keep the plant away from dry rooms with excessive central heating. I alternate between Happy Frog & Ocean Forest. Mulch also conserves soil moisture, which dracaenas love. Dracaena plants like loose, well-draining soil. It is often referred to as Dracaena fragrans or Dracaena deremensis. Avoid extreme light conditions; your plant should receive filtered, bright sunlight for the most part of … Instead, use any commercially prepared potting mix labeled for use with houseplants, warns the Clemson Cooperative Extension. It is often referred to as Pleomeles because it used to be classified under the genus Pleomele. 1. Transfer the plant to a larger pot and surround it with fresh potting soil around the base. Outdoors, they can be grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, with some species and cultivars able to tolerate temperatures in USDA zone 9. Make sure the pot has drainage holes. Pull potting soil up around the trunk to the same level as it was in the previous pot. Also known as the corn plant for its corn-like leaves, it is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12 and will grow to heights of 50 feet if left alone in the ground. 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