(By the way, if you have problems following Shackleton’s plan—and the rest of his journey—we sincerely advise you to click here: once again, Wikipedia’s contributors have provided the most intelligible map on the Internet). After Shackleton left for South Georgia, the men on Elephant Island felt helpless. On May 4, the crew is somewhat dried out and feeling more confident. The men settled into survival routines, killing penguins and seals for food at night. About a day later, the three men are stirred to hear the sound of a factory whistle: A peculiar thing to stir a man—the sound of a factory whistle heard on a mountainside. The Endurance breaks free from the ice on August 1 as the floe entrapping it has split up. Shackleton thinks he sees Mount Haddington on James Ross Island, 100 miles away. Eventually, they lost sight of land completely: in fact, due to the Weddell Sea current, they started circling back to South Georgia and they were further and further away not only from their target but also from any land whatsoever. When confronted with a stowaway, Blackwell, Shackleton intimidated him with his rage and concluded by roaring that “If we run out of food, you will be first.”. “Of all their enemies -- the cold, the ice, the sea -- he feared none more than demoralization.” ― … They were well stocked but they knew that Shackleton had a slim chance of making it to help. This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage by Alfred Lansing. Have too much to read? The men agreed to build a permanent shelter and collect rocks for the foundation of their home. Dr. Macklin accepts this decision without complaint or argument saying only “it will have to be done”  and never brings up his beloved pets again during their ordeal. He chooses Worsley (navigator), Crean (sailor), McNeish (sailor) and Vincent (who he doesn’t want left behind since he’s a negative influence), but also picks McCarthy since he knows him well enough to know how strong he is at sea. After facing an insistent captain, all local seamen offered hospitality and advice to the expedition as they waited for favorable departure conditions. He died in 1975. He spoke softly and somewhat slowly in an indefinite baritone, with just the recollection of a brogue from his County Kildare birth. During the months of May and June, using borrowed ships (Southern Sky, Instituto de Pesca No. On March 23, they spotted land. This one they couldn’t get through: they got stuck immobile inside and had no choice but to leave Endurance drift away with the pack ice for the next several months. He allowed each man a two-pound limit on personal gear, although he did make an exception in Hussey’s case by allowing him to take his banjo because it would be useful for entertainment purposes during their journey. ScottishJames8 BRONZE, Reno, … At eleven o’clock in morning Shackleton orders everyone out to kill penguins for food even though it was really hard with frostbitten hands since it was only dead penguins who kept their hands warm. They take pleasure in watching birds without wondering if they’re indicators that land is nearby or not. By October 16, Shackleton believes that the ice might be opening up enough to allow his ship to sail through. £9.79. He had decided they should go since sailing was too difficult and dangerous. An example of this is when he invites Frank Hurley, an excellent photographer, to attend a meeting about food supplies because he needs him to feel like part of the team. They hope to see land, but they don’t know when or if it will appear. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage. It often has chunks fall off, and when it does, they’re as big as churches. Endurance by Lansing Alfred Seller Books Express Published 2007-01-01 Condition New ISBN 9780786165803 Item Price $ 240.91. But, very soon—in the middle of January 1915, to be exact—they happened upon another ice pack, some 200 miles from Vahsel Bay. They had to move their tents in the middle of the night. The darkness makes it difficult to perceive distance, so they have trouble walking on the ice. Afterward, he enrolled at North Park College and later at Northwestern University, where he majored in journalism. At this time, it was “standing at last” because they landed after sailing for 522 days straight. They celebrated Midwinter’s Day by eating a big breakfast and holding a satirical entertainment program that made fun of some people. The crew landed on a rocky beach. Finally on April 5, Worsley determines that they are headed directly towards open sea by observing the wind patterns around them. Then another crack opens up right below where one of their boats sits causing them to scramble quickly out of harm’s way as more cracks begin appearing all over the place making it impossible for them to stay put any longer so Shackleton gives orders for them to launch three small boats: Dudley Docker (a 22 ft long boat), Stancomb Wills (another 22 ft long boat) and James Caird (a 24 ft long boat). They also bring their dogs inside because they’re afraid that if they stay outside, then the ice will buckle underneath them when it starts to melt. The expedition also suffered from the deaths of fifteen dogs. His face was handsome, though it often wore a brooding expression—as if his thoughts were somewhere else—which gave him at times a kind of darkling look. They tried again to push through, but were unsuccessful because of heavy sea ice and strong winds. Shackleton’s confidence inspired his crew because he never doubted himself or their ability to survive. Read More on Amazon Read the Original Get My Searchable Collection of 200+ Book Notes. The fact they drifted about 60 nautical miles from their intended target didn’t matter much: it was bearable. Soon after, to the dismay of the crew, the ice floe begins to break, and Shackleton has to plan a trip to some kind of a nearby land—using nothing more than three lifeboats. They would become demoralized if they stayed in one place for too long so Shackleton made the decision that they should move on toward help even though some people thought it was a bad idea. They took planks from other boats in order to build a deck for them, and also built a shelter by turning over one of their boats so that it would act as a roof. Shackleton tells his men it was time to leave because “the ship’s going.”. Endurance by Alfred Lansing . It is only due to Shackleton’s ability to motivate his people that the crew hasn’t given up altogether at this point. At one point, they have to row through a large portion of pack ice to reach open water. Some enjoy being able to walk around, while others feel relief from sitting down and touching the ground or rock. After they reached the island of South Georgia, they formed two groups, one to maintain a camp, the other to look for help. If you are interested in the history of exploration – and especially the exploration of the Antarctic region during the first quarter of the 20th century – then Endurance is one of the classic books on the subject. The march was extremely difficult and slow. 45 pages of summaries and analysis on Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage by Alfred Lansing. The expedition intends to transverse the Antarctic continent by dog sledge. The passage is difficult for Shackleton because he’s used to being in control on land; however, at sea, he has no control over his boat or his navigational skills. Many of them thought that ice conditions around the island would prevent a rescue ship from reaching them in time, as winter was coming soon. They also raised expectations that they would speed up or get out of there soon. He considered ways to shelter them from the elements, but rejected it because he thought their tools wouldn’t be able to break through the surface. They load six weeks worth of food onto the Caird, as well as extra clothing and minimal medical supplies. A few of them mumble about nothing in particular, but most are suffering from dizziness due to spending so much time in unstable boats. Then look no further: Alfred Lansing’s classic Endurance is its best and most spellbinding account. The men are still on the ice, and they’re not getting any closer to land. The warming sea temperatures cause the pack ice to break up. On November 21, 1915, Endurance entirely sank beneath the sea. Blackboro smiles at them while he smokes his last cigarette before dying in agony from gangrene. They attempted to restore themselves by eating and sleeping for a few days, but then sailed six miles from King Haakon Bay with their supplies. The men were relieved that they did not have to worry about their survival and could just focus on living. Second officer Crean brings some steaks from his own dog Nelson saying “I’ve just brought you some Nelson”. In 1914, Ernest Shackleton sets out to explore Antarctica. To make matters even worse, the ice had thickened in the meantime and Endurance had to endure much more pressure from the surrounding pack. Shackleton wrote a fundraising prospectus for his expedition and emphasized how this journey would be good for Britain’s national prestige. Thus, while Shackleton was undeniably out of place, even inept, in a great many everyday situations, he had a talent—a genius, even—that he shared with only a He didn’t like the social hypocrisy of fundraising and was better suited for nautical confrontations than those in drawing rooms. Shackleton hears a steam whistle at 6:30 in the morning. Endurance Summary The astonishing saga of polar explorer Ernest Shackleton's survival for over a year on the ice-bound Antarctic seas, as Time magazine put it, "defined heroism." The group is delayed by painful boils and frostbite, as well as the fact that boats had to be freed from ice. Like this summary? Each man carried his own rations and biscuits while traveling light without any other equipment such as sleeping bags or tents. The island had been visited by a ship about 10 years ago, so there might be some supplies left over on the island. McNeish decides to continue pulling sledges with Worsley and others despite his misgivings about continuing on this path without a ship or crewmates who had perished earlier during their expedition. The men were calm as they prepared to leave the ship. In August, Shackleton got an old tugboat from Chile called Yelcho to rescue his men. The trip was extremely dangerous because they were in a small boat going through violent seas with 90-foot waves and 100 mile per hour winds. The weather was very bad, with extremely high winds making it difficult for them to prepare the boat properly. To write their authoritative story, Lansing consulted with ten of the surviving members and gained access to diaries and personal accounts by eight others. Two days later, the crew encountered their first ice pack. First discovered by a Russian expedition in 1820, the continent of Antarctica became an object of fascination for numerous explorers around the world during the last years of the 19th century and the first two decades of the 20th century. So they decide to camp in a cave and make sure the boat stays safe during their sleep. By 2:00 pm, the 3,500-foot peaks of Elephant Island are straight ahead of the boats but they get caught in a strong current and winds that require them to lower their sails. Some men can’t even swallow when they try eating something; this leads to seasickness for those affected individuals. For instance, he realized that Frank Hurley needed to feel important by being consulted about decisions; otherwise, he would spread dissension within the group. “From the sentimental point of view,” he wrote once, “it is the last great Polar journey that can be made. McNeish says that “the skipper’s a liar.” However, they are actually drifting west of James Ross Island. 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